For Military Service:
Pension entitlement may be awarded for death, disability or the aggravation of a pre-enlistment condition which:
- Was incurred during or was attributable to military service in -
- WWI or WWII
- A special Duty Area such as Egypt, Cyprus, the Persian Gulf etc., during specified period;
- Arose out of or was directly connected with or aggravated by military service in peacetime - Regular or Militia (Reserve);
- In addition to any pension awarded under a) and/or b), if the member of the forces suffers an additional disability that is in whole or part a consequence of the pensioned primary condition, a pension can be awarded for the consequential condition.
It is important to note that the rules for establishing entitlement to a pension for wartime and Special Duty claims are different than for peacetime claims. To establish entitlement for wartime claims or for service in a Special Duty area, one only need show that the disability or condition was incurred or had its onset during wartime or Special Duty area service. This is referred to as the Insurance Principle and means that for certain periods of service, a disability resulting from an injury or disease is pensionable if it was either attributable to or incurred during that period of service.
On the contrary, for peacetime claims one must show that the condition arose or was directly connected with or aggravated by military service in peacetime.
For Merchant Navy Service
A Merchant Navy Veteran's disability must be related to service in the First or Second World Wars or Korean War while on high seas voyage.
From the moment a Merchant Navy Veteran, having made an agreement for service, sets foot on a high seas voyage to the point of disembarking the ship at the end of the voyage, he is covered by the insurance principle for death or disability. This includes loading or preparing a ship for a high seas voyage.
Civilian War Service:
Pension entitlement may be awarded for death, disability or aggravation of a pre-enlistment condition arising out of service during World War II for any of the following:
- Canadian Merchant Seaman and Salt Water Fishermen
- Auxiliary Services Personnel
- Corps of (Civilian) Canadian Fire Fighters for Service in the United Kingdom.
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police - Special Constables
- Air Raid Precautions Workers
- Personnel receiving remedial treatment while serving under the National Resources Mobilization Act
- Members of the Voluntary Aid Detachment
- Overseas Welfare Workers
- Canadian Civilian Air Crew of the Royal Air Forces Transport Command
The basis for granting entitlement in respect of the aforementioned is more exacting than for awards of the armed forces.