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Remembrance Day

In 1931, after insistent representation from the Canadian Legion, parliament enacted the Armistice Day Act. The Act ensured that November 11th would be set aside as a day distinct and apart from any other observance upon which the nation could pay special tribute to those "who gave their lives that freedom might prevail".

In 1970, an act, known as "The Holidays Act", was passed by Parliament which included, among other holidays, Remembrance Day. An extract of that act reads as follows:

"Throughout Canada in each and every year, the 11th day of November, being the day in the year 1918 on which the Great War was triumphantly concluded by an armistice, is a holiday and shall be kept and observed as such under the name of Remembrance Day."

Remembrance Day
World War I
CANADA
 
 Participants  628,736  624,218 men  4,518 women
 Died  66,573    
 Wounded  138,166    
 Taken Prisoner 2,818    
 Newfoundland
 Participants  16,922    
 Died  1593    
 Wounded  Unknown    
 Taken Prisoner  180    
World War II
CANADA
 
 Participants 1,081,865 1,031,902 men 49,963 women
 Died 44,927  44,854 men  73 women
 Wounded 53,145
 53,126 men  19 women
 Taken Prisoner 8,271
   
 Newfoundland
 Participants 19,460     
 Died 704     
 Wounded  Unknown    
 Taken Prisoner Unknown
   
War in Korea
Participants 26,971    
Died 516    
Wounded 1,558    
Taken prisoner 33    
Gulf War
Participants 4074 3837 men 237 women
 
Merchant Navy

At the outbreak of World War II, there were only 37 Canadian vessels registered for foreign voyages. Nearly half of that number was lost to enemy attacks. Approximately 1,400 Canadian seamen served on those original ships.

A 1941 Order in Council called for the establishment of Merchant Seaman Manning Pools; created training schools and facilities, as required; and, encouraged the assistance, and coordination of the extension of facilities for the welfare of seaman in Canadian ports.

Eventually, Canada had the largest merchant fleet in the history of the Dominions with approximately 180 oceangoing cargo vessels and some 14,000 skilled seamen, at all ranks.

175 Canadian Seamen died by enemy action in World War I

1,146 Canadian Seamen died by enemy action in World War II

THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION
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Aurora, ON, L4G 4C4
CONTACT NUMBERS
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Fax: 905-841-9992

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